Vermicompost (also called Worm Compost, Vermicast, Worm Castings, Worm Poop or Worm Manure) is the end-product of the breakdown of organic matter by some species of earthworm. Vermicompost is a nutrient-rich, natural fertilizer and soil conditioner. The process of producing vermicompost is called vermicomposting.
Vermicompost, also known as worm castings and vermicast, is very different from compost produced in compost piles by bacterial decay, and is much richer in many nutrients. Worm compost is usually too rich for use as a seed compost, but is useful as a top layer of soil or an addition to potting composts. Some types of pitted seeds are reportedly easier to germinate when placed in vermicompost for several months.
Vermicompost is beneficial for soil in three ways:
It improves the physical structure of the soil.
It improves the biological properties of the soil (enrichment of micro-organisms, addition of growth hormones such as auxins and gibberellic acid, and addition of enzymes, such as phosphates, cellulase)
These vermi products are mainly used as a manure for agriculture Horticulture, Medicinal and Aeromatic Plants. Apart from enhancing the growth of plants and increasing the fertility of soil, these products also helps in rooting out weeds thus saving your expenditure on labours for weeding. Following are usages of the products :
• In comparison to cow dung manure the Vermi manure are made fast.
• Vermicompost rich soil remains soft and helps in absorbing more water.
• Earthworm transforms oxcen enzyme and actonomosytis antibiotics in soil because of it plants grows healthier without being affected by different pests and Diseaseas.
• The use of these products helps in reducing the evaporation of water from the surface of soil.